Overview of Picking
Picking enables operators to pick material to fulfill orders. Warehouse Management supports three types of picking: order picking, replenishment picking, and WIP picking. Warehouse Management dispatches picks to operators as tasks. Managers can perform manual pick release, or you can create a series of rules to automate the process during implementation.
Please read the pick release basics @
Warehouse Management uses the following rules to release orders: pick release rules, release sequence rules, picking rule and pick slip grouping rules.
Pick release rules determine how the system to selects sales orders for release. If trips are not scheduled for dock doors, then pick release rules also determine the appropriate staging lane for sales orders. After the system determines the sales orders to release, it can use release sequence rules to determine the sequence delivery lines are released for picking, based on sales order number, outstanding invoice value, scheduled date, departure date, and shipment priority. Pick slip grouping rules establish how tasks are grouped on a move order pick slip.
picking rule in inventory determine the order in which revisions, lots, subinventories, and locators are picked for sales orders. Picking rule in WMS is used for directed picking creates material allocations and directs operators to pick material from specific locations.
They workin conjunction with the different pick methodologies. Pick methodologies refer to the different method an operator performs picking tasks. For example, an operator may select to pick an order by itself, or to pick multiple orders at the same time.
The system generates picking tasks and dispatches them to qualified operators based on rules. After picking is complete, the system provides operators with the appropriate number and size of containers the order requires for shipping.
Explaining Pick Release
The pick release process selects sales order lines to release to the floor for picking and shipping. A pick release rule stores the criteria that will be used to select sales orders for release. If trips are not scheduled for dock doors, then the release rule also determines the staging lane to which the material should be delivered.
Warehouse Management dispatches replenishment tasks to qualified operators to replenish forward picking areas.
Warehouse Management dispatches WIP picking tasks to qualified operators to pick material to fulfill work order requirements based on rules you define. Operators can pick the following supply types: push, assembly pull, and operation pull.
Note: Operators deliver all picks to a subinventory and locator except for WIP picks. Operators can optionally drop WIP picks directly to a job. This enables operators to perform the pick and the issue in one step. This capability is enabled for push components where the supply subinventory and locator are blank on the BOM.
Explaining the Pick Allocation Process
After orders have been selected for release and prioritized for allocation, the rules engine makes the material allocations. Recall that material allocations might be based on characteristics such as, customer requirements, organization-wide business directives, stock rotation policies, item handling restrictions, item category, or by some other business attribute. The rules engine can also divide the allocations by pick unit of measure.
The output of the pick allocation is a task that includes the subinventory and locator from which to pick, and if applicable, the revision and lot to be picked. After the system performs allocations, it must determine the task type so that the job to pick the allocated material can be dispatched to an appropriately trained user.
Explaining the Picking Process
Operators can accept a picking task, or a set of tasks, directly from the mobile device. The system dispatches tasks through the mobile user interface. Through this user interface, the picker can view the item, quantity, subinventory, and locator from which they can pick the load. If the item were revision or lot controlled, the system would also display those details.
The picking tasks assigned by the system to a user might include any of the following:
- Pick loose items into an LPN
- Pick whole LPNs
- Pick multiple LPNs, for example, pick 5 boxes of 10 each to fulfill a task to pick 50
- Pick from LPNs, for example, pick 5 items out of a box of 10
- Pick multiple partial LPNs, full LPNs, and loose picks for a single task
- Build larger LPNs
- View cartonization suggestion
The user can confirm a pick by scanning one or more LPNs to load. If the material in the storage locator is not identified with an LPN, then the user must confirm the item, quantity, and the storage subinventory, and locator to confirm the pick.
The user can also unpack an LPN to fulfill the pick, however if the pick units of measure are appropriately established during system setup, unpacking an LPN to fulfil a pick, should not be necessary. The user can also pick the items or the whole LPN into another larger LPN (like a pallet or carton), thus building a package that can be shipped during the picking process. If Cartonization is enabled, the user will also see the container suggestion in his or her task queue.
Auto Pick Confirm
You can select Auto Pick Confirm in a Oracle Warehouse Management enabled organization. In this case, even if Oracle Warehouse Management Pick Rules specify LPN allocation, no LPNs will be picked. Only loose material will be moved to staging. It is imperative the inventory be available loose (not packed in LPNs). The system does
not perform this check before running auto pick confirm. You must enforce that when using auto pick confirm, material is picked from Non LPN Controlled Subinventories.
Pick Task Grouping
Oracle Warehouse Management enables users to perform all pick tasks, for a specific task grouping, as a bundled set of tasks. This functionality is only available through a mobile RF device and is not available through the desktop windows.
Upon Pick Release, pick tasks can be generated and grouped by a number of Pick Slip Grouping Rules, for example Order Picking. Typically, this grouping represents a discrete bundle of work to be performed by a single user.
All functionality of the pick task screen remains unchanged, except that when the task has been completed (either dropped or loaded), a determination will be made whether more tasks remain in the current grouping. If so, the Pick Load screen is presented for the next task in the grouping, with a message indicating that the pick has been
completed. If no more tasks remain for the grouping, the Task Menu is presented, with a message indicating that the last pick for the grouping has been completed.